Epoxy product selection - do UV-stable and low-yellowing epoxies exist?
UV-stable epoxies, low-yellowing epoxies, non-yellowing hardeners...do they actually exist?
In the epoxy flooring field especially, so many products sound similar that marketing experts are always trying to find ways to distinguish themselves from the opposition.
(Note: the reason why lots of products sound the same is there are more distributors than genuine manufacturers, but that's a topic for another time.)
For as long as they’ve have been used, the Holy Grail has been to find one that doesn’t yellow in sunlight. Plenty of formulators have tried, including myself, however we don’t seem to be there just yet. Because such a product would instantly become a best seller, manufacturers are pushing hard to cash in on whatever yellowing benefits they can offer. New terms like “low-yellowing epoxies” or “non-yellowing hardeners” have crept into promotional material and it can be quite persuasive. You can forgive a contractor for thinking, “Maybe these guys have figured it out after all!”
The real story with epoxy yellowing
In my humble opinion, most of the claims based on UV-stable epoxies aren’t very accurate for a few very good reasons -
- All resins will discolour over time. Epoxy, polyurethane, acrylic, whatever...they’ll all break down eventually with UV exposure. Some will be much quicker than others, but nothing lasts forever.
- The severity of UV varies depending on the country and the project. For instance, the UV intensity in Australia is much worse than other countries. I’ve seen UV-stable epoxies or low-yellowing epoxies sold in other parts of the world discolour within months under Australian conditions.
- Coming back to epoxies, the epoxy resin itself (Part A) has an aromatic chemical structure, which in simple terms means it doesn’t like UV. Some will put stabilisers and absorbers into the resins to slow the epoxy yellowing, but these materials themselves have a limited lifespan. Once they expire, the epoxy yellowing will occur. Also, I personally feel there’s a question mark on the stability of these additives as I’ve seen drastic colour changes when products have been in storage for 6 months or more.
- Even those with aliphatic amines in Part B, which are supposed to be better off as far as UV goes, are often modified with benzyl alcohol or nonyl phenol - aromatic compounds that aren’t any good and counterproductive as far as non-yellowing epoxies go.
Genuine low-yellowing epoxies
Once again, in my opinion, until a manufacturer can make a 100% solids aliphatic version, epoxy resins will discolour and genuine low-yellowing epoxies won’t exist. I should clarify that I’m only really talking about epoxy flooring in this context. Aliphatic epoxies have been used for other applications, however formulating one suitable for the demands of flooring is proving a more elusive task.
In closing, I know some manufacturers may well be cringing as they read this post, but I prefer to tell it how it is rather than deceive people and cause problems down the track.
Take care and keep smiling,